Constitution of 1776


Encoded Archival Description

Biography or History: In 1719, a revolt by colonists in South Carolina resulted in the transfer of colonial ownership from the Lords Proprietors to the Crown. As the decades progressed, the Commons House of Assembly increasingly took actions in contradiction to both royal governors and the Fundamental Constitutions. By 1776, with rebellion against British control imminent, the Commons House of Assembly was reorganized as the Provincial Congress. On March 26, 1776, South Carolina declared its independence and adopted a new constitution.

Custodial History: unspecified

Acquisition Information: South Carolina. Provincial Congress.

Scope and Content: The 1776 constitution brought many reforms to the structure of state government. The Provincial Congress was separated into a lower house elected by popular vote, and these members elected from among themselves a group of thirteen to act as an upper house. The new constitution also created positions for a president, vice-president, and chief justice. The president could veto legislation passed by the Provincial Congress, but could only serve one term. It also attempted to address the growing disproportionate representation between the upstate and the low country, but this problem persisted. This constitution was succeeded by a new one in 1778. This series includes the original engrossed manuscript, a photostat of that manuscript, and a photocopy of a contemporary printed copy in the South Caroliniana Library at the University of South Carolina.

Appraisal Information: unspecified

Accruals: no

Arrangement: unspecified

Conditions Governing Access: none

Conditions Governing Use: none

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements: none

Other Finding Aid: none

Location of Originals: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 8301 Parklane Road, Columbia, SC 29223

Alternative Form Available: Also available as J. H. Easterby, editor, Basic Documents of South Carolina History: The Constitution of 1776, published by the Historical Commission of South Carolina in 1949. A digitized version of the constitution manuscript is available through the South Carolina Electronic Records Archive (SCERA), which is maintained by the Archives.

Related Material: A draft of this constitution is included in the John Rutledge Papers at the South Caroliniana Library at the University of South Carolina.

Bibliography: none

Other Descriptive Data: none

Processing Information: none


Encoded Archival Description - Identification

Unit Title: Constitution of 1776

Accumulation: 1776-03-28T12:00:00.000Z

Created: 1777-12-31T12:00:00.000Z

Creator: South Carolina. Provincial Congress.

Physical Description:

Language: English


Encoded Archival Description - Header

Identifier: s131009

Title Proper of the Finding Aid: Constitution of 1776

Creation Date: 2015

Descriptive Rules: DACS


Constitution of 1776

Object Type: Collection

In Collection: Constitutional and Organic Papers

Constitution of 1776
Constitution of 1776